SHOWCASE 2. PIECES OF JEWELLERY OF THE XITH-XIVTH CENTURIESClose
Exhibits from the showcase 3 continue the theme of the artistic heritage of the pre-Mongolian period. The central place within the exposition, the same as that of the second showcase, is occupied by precious jewellery pieces from the treasure-troves, discovered in 1988 and 1991 during excavation works in the territory of the Moscow Kremlin.
Most of the presented artworks are of great interest and high historical value, as they are peculiar to the artistic tradition of the most ancient period in the history of Russia and some of them are the real archaeological rarities. For example, the metal beads, silver crescent-shaped pendants, related to the ancient tradition of the veneration of the moon, remarkable wide open-type bracelets embedded with precious stones and finished with niello and gilding.
The exhibition incorporates rings with insets made of nacre, pearls, coloured glass. Some of them are ornamented with an engraved foliate pattern. The only golden item within the collection from the treasure-trove of 1988 is the golden oriental ring with a stone inset and a inscription, running around the perimeter.
Besides pieces of jewellery the collection includes accessories sewn onto clothes for decoration, i.e. knob-plaques, finished with embossing and gilding, and silver cylindrical buttons, covered with granulated ornament and gilt.
The coinage of the ancient Rus is represented by pieces of cast metal, mainly silver, formed as ingots — grivnas (grzywnas), which served as a measure of unit of exchange and used as money throughout princedoms of Kievan Rus, such as the principalities of Kiev, Chernigov, and the Novgorod Republic. Each of these silver ingots weighed about 200 g.